Title: Conversion of fatty acid distillate into hydrocarbon fuels by nickel-incorporated mesostructured cellular foam catalyst
Abstract: This paper focused on the use of fatty acid distillate to produce alkanes and alkenes hydrocarbons through catalytic means that can be used as a renewable fuel due to similar characteristics with diesel hydrocarbons. The fatty acid distillate as the reaction feedstock is in fact a waste material generated in the processing (refinery) of palm oil to edible oil and it has limited use. Palm oil industry is well-known for causing pollution from its upstream (plantation) to downstream (refinery) industry. Any effort to reduce the degree of pollution be utilizing waste materials to produce value-added materials will certainly contribute to the conservation of environment. In a way, this work fulfills the objective of 'waste to wealth' and it happens that the reaction product is meant to be used as a renewable energy source.